India-UK Water Quality



This page contains selected relevant resources, (co-)authored by members of the FAR-GANGA team (in bold).  Blue font indicates FAR-GANGA-specific outputs which acknowledge FAR-GANGA support.  Italics font indicate publications which are relevant but not specific outputs of FAR-GANGA.  Open access links are provided where available.  This page will be updated with project outputs as they are published (last update: 03 Sep 2020).


Arsenic Biogeochemistry & Geochemical Tracers

Richards, Kumar, Shankar, Gaurav, Ghosh, Polya (2020). Distribution and Geochemical Controls of Arsenic and Uranium in Groundwater-Derived Drinking Water in Bihar, India.  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17: 2500. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17072500 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Richards, Kumar, Shankar, Gaurav, Ghosh, Polya (accepted 2020).  Distribution of Arsenic and Uranium in Groundwater Utilized as Drinking Water in Bihar, India.  As2020 8th International Congress & Exhibition of Arsenic in the Environment, Wageningen, The Netherlands (conference originally scheduled for June 2020; postponed due to COVID-19) (KEYNOTE ABSTRACT)

Polya, Sparranbom, Datta, Guo (2019). Groundwater arsenic biogeochemistry - Key questions and use of tracers to understand arsenic-prone groundwater systems.  Geoscience Frontiers, 10 (5): 1635 - 1641.  DOI: 10.1016/j.gsf.2019.05.004 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Richards, Magnone, Sültenfuβ, Chambers, Bryant, Boyce, van Dongen, Ballentine, Sovann, Uhlemann, Kuras, Gooddy, Polya (2019). Dual In-Aquifer and Near Surface Processes Mobilize Hazardous Arsenic in Cambodian Groundwater, Science of the Total Environment, 659: 699 - 714.  DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.437 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Richards, Magnone, Sovann, Kong, Uhlemann, Kuras, van Dongen, Ballentine, Polya (2017). High resolution profile of inorganic aqueous geochemistry and key redox zones in an arsenic bearing aquifer in Cambodia, Science of the Total Environment, 590 – 591: 540-553. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.217 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Lawson, Polya, Boyce, Bryant, Mondal, Shantz, Ballentine (2013).  Pond-Derived Organic Carbon Driving Changes in Arsenic Hazard Found in Asian Groundwaters, Environmental Science and Technology, 47 (13), 7085 - 7094.  DOI: 10.1021/es400114q (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Islam, Gault, Boothman, Polya, Charnock, Chatterjee, Lloyd (2004) Role of metal-reducing bacteria in arsenic release from Bengal delta sediments, Nature, 430, 68-71.  DOI: 10.1038/nature0263 (not open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Arsenic Remediation

Kumar, Joshi, Kumar (2020),  Remediation of Arsenic by Metal/ Metal Oxide Based Nanocomposites/Nanohybrids: Contamination Scenario in Groundwater, Practical Challenges, and Future Perspectives, Separation and Purification Reviews, DOI: 10.1080/15422119.2020.1744649  (not open access) (acknowledges DST funding only) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Richards, Parashar, Mondal, Ghosh, Pincetti Zuniga, Polya (2019). Implementation challenges to Effective Groundwater Remediation in Contrasting Arsenic-Impacted Areas. Asia Oceania Geochemical Society Abstract No. BG08-A012.  Presented at AOGS 2019, 28th  July – 2nd  August 2019, Singapore (not open access) (ABSTRACT) 

Richards, Kumari, GhoshJoshi, Mukherjee, Clayton, Reynolds, Polya (2019). Toolkit approach for the selection of sustainable arsenic remediation approaches for rural communities. Goldschmidt Abstracts 2824; Presented 18-23 August 2019, Barcelona (open access) (ABSTRACT)

Polya & Richards (2017). Arsenic and the Provision of Safe and Sustainable Drinking Water: Aspects of Innovation and Knowledge Transfer, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Asia Pacific Tech Monitor, July – September 2017 Issue: Innovation, technology transfer and management for safe and sustainable water, ISSN: 0256-9957.  (open access(FULL PUBLICATION)


Chakraborty, Sarkar, Mukherjee, Shamsudduha, Ahmed, Bhattacharya, Mitra (2020) Modelling regional-scale groundwater arsenic hazard in the transboundary Ganges River Delta, India and Bangladesh: Infusing physically-based model with machine learning, Science of the Total Environment 748: 141107.  DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141107  (not open access) (acknowledges DST funding only) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Das & Mukherkee (2019) Depth-dependent groundwater response to coastal hydrodynamics in the tropical, Ganges river mega-delta front (the Sundarbans): Impact of hydraulic connectivity on drinking water vulnerability, Journal of Hydrology 575: 499 - 512.  DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.05.053  (not open access) (acknowledges DST funding only) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Mukherjee, Bhanja, Wada (2018) Groundwater depletion causing reduction of baseflow triggering Ganges river summer drying, Nature Scientific Reports (8): 12049 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-30246-7 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Mukherjee, Verma, Gupta, Henke, Bhattacharya (2014).  Influence of techtonics, sedimentation and aqueous flow cycles on the origin of global groundwater arsenic, Journal of Hydrology, 518 (C): 284 - 299, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.10.044 (not open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Hyporheic Zone Biogeochemistry

Richards, Khamis, KrauseKumar, Parashar, Chatterjee, SumanDas, Kumar, Mukherjee, Hannah, Gooddy, Polya. (2019) In-Situ Fluorescence Sensors for Monitoring Riverine Dissolved Organic Matter in Bihar, India.  Asia Oceania Geochemical Society Abstract No. HS13-A027.  Presented at AOGS 2019, 28th  July – 2nd  August 2019, Singapore (not open access) (ABSTRACT)

Krause, Tecklenberg, Munz, Naden (2013).  Streambed nitrogen cycling beyond the hyporheic zone: Flow controls on horizontal patterns and depth distribution of nitrate and dissolved oxygen in the upwelling groundwater of a lowland river, JGR Biogeosciences, 118 (1): 54 - 67, DOI: 10.1029/2012JG002122 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Urban Organics

Richards, Kumari, White, Parashar, Kumar, Ghosh, Kumar, Chakravorty, Lu, Civil, Lapworth, Krause, Polya, Gooddy (2021). Emerging organic contaminants in groundwater under a rapidly developing city (Patna) in northern India dominated by high concentrations of lifestyle chemicals.  Environmental Pollution, 268(A): 115765. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115765 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Lapworth, Das, Shaw, Mukherjee, Civil, Petersen, Gooddy, Wakefield, Finlayson, Krishan, Sengupta, MacDonald (2018),  Deep urban groundwater vulnerability in India revealed through the use of emerging organic contaminants and residence time tracers, Environmental Pollution, 240: 938 - 949.  DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.05 (not open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Arsenic Distribution


Podgorski, Wu, Chakravorty, Polya (2020). Groundwater Arsenic Distribution in India by Machine Learning Geospatial Modeling,  International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19): 7119 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17197119 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Wu, Podgorski, Berg, Polya (2020),  Geostatistical model of the spatial distribution of arsenic in groundwaters in Gujarat State, India, Environmental Geochemistry and Health,   DOI: 10.1007/s10653-020-00655-7 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Arsenic, Stakeholder Engagement and Community Science

Addison, Polya, Chakravorty, Chakraborty, Ambuehl, Podgorski, Kumar, Ghosh, Richards (2020).  Citizen science in schools and colleges in Patna, Bihar, India for groundwater contaminant mapping & knowledge transfer.  Goldschmidt Abstracts; Presented 25 June 2020 (Virtually due to COVID-19) (ABSTRACT)


Polya, Chakraborti, Mukherjee, Ghosh, Joshi, Mondal, Gooddy, Krause, Richards (accepted 2020).  Poor economics and arsenic: the key role of end-user & science informed co-designed policy and action, stakeholder guidance, transparancy and the proactively enhanced role of women for better interventions in India.  As2020 8th International Congress & Exhibition of Arsenic in the Environment, Wageningen, The Netherlands (conference originally scheduled for June 2020; postponed due to COVID-19) (KEYNOTE ABSTRACT)

Addison, Polya, Richards (submitted 2020).  Utilizing citizen science to develop knowledge exchange and sampling-analysis schemes on geogenic arsenic in groundwater in Patna, India.  As2020 8th International Congress & Exhibition of Arsenic in the Environment, Wageningen, The Netherlands (conference originally scheduled for June 2020; postponed due to COVID-19) (ABSTRACT)

Arsenic and Health

Mondal, Rahman, Suman, Sharma, Siddique, Rahman, Bari, Kumar, Bose, Singh, Ghosh, Polya (2021).  Arsenic exposure from food exceeds that from drinking water in endemic area of Bihar, India, Science of the Total Environment 754: 142082.  DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142082  (FULL PUBLICATION)

Mondal, Ganguli, Roy, Halder, Banerjee, Banerjee, Samanta, Giri, Polya (2014). Diarrhoeal Health Risks Attributable to Water-Borne Pathogens in Arsenic-Mitigated Drinking Water in West Bengal are Largely Independent of the Microbiological Quality of the Supplied Water, Water 6 (5):1100 - 1117.  DOI: 10.3390/w605110 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Banerjee, Banerjee, Bhattacharjee, Mondal, Lythgoe, Martinez, Pan, Polya, Giri (2013). High arsenic in rice is associated with elevated genotoxic effects in humans, Scientific Reports, 3:2194.

DOI: 10.1038/srep0219 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

Mondal & Polya (2008). Rice is a major exposure route for arsenic in Chakdaha block, Nadia district, West Bengal, India: A probabilistic risk assessment.  Applied Geochemistry 23(11): 2987-2998. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.06.025 


Water and Health

Duttagupta, Mukherjee, Bhanja, Chattopadhyay, Sarkar, Das, Chakraborty, Mondal (2020).  Achieving Sustainable Development Goal for Clean Water in India: Influence of Natural and Anthropogenic Factors on Groundwater Microbial Pollution, Environmental Management.  DOI: 10.1007/s00267-020-01358-69  (FULL PUBLICATION)

Mukherjee, Duttagupta, Chattopadhyay, Bhanja, Bhattacharya, Chakraborty, Sarkar, Ghosh, Bhattacharya, Sahu (2019). Impact of sanitation and socio-economy on groundwater fecal pollution and human health towards achieving sustainable development goals across India from ground-observations and satellite-derived nightlight, Scientific Reports, 9: 15193 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-50875-w (open access) 


Groundwater Sampling

Polya, Richards, Al Bualy, Sovann, Magnone, Lythgoe (2017). Chapter A14: Groundwater sampling, arsenic analysis and risk communication: Cambodia Case Study. In P. Bhattacharya, D.A. Polya, D. Jovanovic. (Eds.) Best Practice Guide for the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water, IWA Publishing, ISBN13: 9781843393856 (open access) BOOK CHAPTER)

Polya & Watts (2017).  Chapter 5: Sampling and analysis for monitoring arsenic in drinking water. In P. Bhattacharya, D.A. Polya, D. Jovanovic. (Eds.) Best Practice Guide for the Control of Arsenic in Drinking Water, IWA Publishing, ISBN13: 9781843393856, (open access) (BOOK CHAPTER)

Richards, Magnone, van Dongen, Ballentine, Polya (2015).  Use of lithium tracers to quantify drilling fluid contamination for groundwater monitoring in Southeast Asia, Applied Geochemistry, 63: 190 - 202.  DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.08.013 (open access) (FULL PUBLICATION)

FAR-GANGA is a DST-Newton Bhabha-NERC-EPSRC Indo-UK Water Quality Project (NE/R003386/1 & DST/TM/INDO-UK/2K17/55(C) & 55(G) 2018 - 2021)

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